Resources you might find useful for the challenge
- Frameworks such as PICO, SPIDER and others are used to help to identify the key concepts and search terms for literature searching.
- The PRISMA flow chart used to record the reviewers search results, the appraisal results and evidence.
- The Library guide to Literature reviews: Scoping Reviews
Read this journal article:
Horey, D., Fortune, T., Nicolacopoulos, T., Kashima, E., & Mathisen, B. (2018). Global Citizenship and Higher Education: A Scoping Review of the Empirical Evidence. Journal of Studies in International Education, 22(5), 472-492. https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315318786443
*Note the number of authors and reviewers involved in this process
Answer these questions
What were the goals of their Review?
Did the reviewers include Grey literature from government agencies and Professional organisations?
Did they publish their search strategies and search terms in the Method?
Which Journal databases did they use for searching?
Do they indicate which literature was screened for inclusion, or excluded from their review, and why?
The PRISMA diagram (Hovey, 2018, p 481) indicates that they started with 748 records. After screening how many papers were finally reviewed?
What was the conclusion? Was there evidence from the literature that could influence teaching practice?
More about Scoping Reviews
Scoping literature reviews (and Critically Appraised Topics) have become an important class of journal articles published in professional and discipline specific research journals. These review articles can provide a rationale for evidence based professional practice or policy on a specific topic. Scoping reviews need only involve one or more authors, can be conducted quickly, and review empirical research literature which is not necessarily the authors’ original research.
A scoping review, like a narrative review, will analyse and discuss the published literature of research activity around a particular topic. The review will always involve a methodical and thorough approach to searching and selecting the literature for the review. The terms Systematic Review or Systematic-Like Review are often used to describe a range of other types of literature reviews (Grant & Booth, 2009). It is always important to remember though, that a scoping review is a lot less arduous than a full systematic review.
Example of another published scoping review:
Egan, A., Maguire, R., Christophers, L., & Rooney, B. (2017). Developing creativity in higher education for 21st century learners: A protocol for a scoping review. International Journal of Educational Research, 82, 21-27. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2016.12.004
Example for "What is in a Scoping Literature Review?":